The President at Rīga Conference: the UN should defend human rights, sovereignty of states and supremacy of international law
President Gitanas Nausėda remotely addressed the participants of Rīga conference on the topic “The UN at 75: Still Fit for Today’s Security Challenges?” Together with the Presidents of Estonia, Latvia and Finland, the President discussed the situation in Nagorno Karabakh, aspects of historic memory, principles of the international rule as well as the need to ensure their observance.
“This makes the UN Charter signed 75 years ago even more relevant today. Seeking answers to the most pressing issues of our day, we inevitably turn back to the time-tested principles, such as fundamental human rights, sovereign equality of all states, and the supremacy of international law”, – the President said.
The President pointed out that the Baltic States knew very well the price of widespread violations of the international order and international law and the United Nations were always expected to act resolutely on the breaches of international norms. President Nausėda expressed belief that effective multilateralism had to be supported by compliance with the existing agreements. The hard lessons of European history had to be learned and the outdated worldview of spheres of interests and secret agreements had to be fought back and rejected.
At the conference, the President highlighted the example of Belarus stressing that the United Nations as well as other international organizations had an essential role to play in assisting the civil society of Belarus to establish a dialogue with the authorities. This is the best way to discuss the transformation of the country, strengthen its independence and protect human rights.
The President emphasized that in order to prevent further gross violations of human rights and destabilizing foreign interference in Belarus, we should insist on discussing the situation in multilateral fora. Lithuania has repeatedly voiced concern over this issue at the United Nations, the OSCE and the Council of Europe. As a result, the so-called Moscow mechanism was invoked to investigate the violations of human rights in Belarus.
The President called the international community for closer cooperation in tackling nowadays challenges and act more resolutely in defending human rights and peace keeping as he addressed the 75th United Nations General Assembly in September.